Advertisements

Prey model raw diet for dogs

Although we don’t eat meat and barely consume dairy, Mojo is fed a completely different diet. The reasoning behind this is quite simple: dogs are facultative carnivores. They can adjust to eating plant material but their bodies are equipped for a meat based diet. Each species is different and although Mojo is a member of our family, she is not a human and her needs differ from ours.

Now although fruit and vegetables are very healthy for humans, not every species of animal has to consume them in order to live in optimum health. Dogs have a very short digestive tract and can’t properly digest most types of plant material without them being steamed and pureed.

 

Dog looking at her bowl of meat

 

Although some people prefer to add a mix of vegetables to their dog’s diet, it is not necessary. Dogs that are prone to yeast infections will benefit from a diet free of plant material. Fruit and vegetables contain high amounts of sugar, as well as carbohydrates that are transformed into sugar when digested. Yeast needs sugar to survive, so excluding plant material from a dog’s diet will help fight yeast infections.

On our page about raw feeding we will explain more about the differences between kibble and raw food, but we would like to dedicate this blog post to explaining the prey model raw diet that we feed Mojo!

Disclaimer: Don’t feed a raw diet without doing proper research. An unbalanced diet is unhealthy and will harm your dog in the long run. Feed a balanced kibble until you are sure you know all the ins and outs! Feel free to contact us if you have any questions!

 

Outline of the Prey Model Raw Diet

A prey model raw diet consists of three different components: meat, bone, and organ. In order to provide your dog with all necessary nutrients for a healthy life, these three components are fed in certain ratios, and variety in ingredients is key.  

We made a short video to explain the outline of the prey model raw diet, you can watch it here. The text below provides a more in-depth explanation of all components of this diet. 

 

 

Meat – 80%

Meat makes up 80% of the prey model raw diet. This does not solely include muscle meat however. Tendons, fat, and cartilage also fall under this category. Any non-secreting organs are included as well.

Here’s a list of everything that should be included into the ‘meat’ part of your dog’s diet:

  • Muscle meat of any kind
  • Fat
  • Tendons
  • Cartilage
  • Pizzle
  • Tongue
  • Lung
  • Heart
  • Green tripe

These types of meat can come from a number of animals, and it is recommended to feed a variety of protein sources from several types of animals. A diet based on chicken alone does not provide everything your dog needs and will harm your pet in the long run! Every part of an animal provides different levels of nutrients and a variety of sources will offer a full range of all necessary nutrients for a healthy life.

 

Ground meat

Bowl of Green tripe

Bowl of duck heart

Bowl of deer meat

 

Here’s a  non-exhaustive list of species of animal that can be fed:

  • Beef
  • Pork
  • Horse
  • Deer
  • Goat
  • Sheep
  • Duck
  • Chicken
  • Goose
  • Pheasant
  • Quail
  • Kangaroo
  • Rabbit
  • Hare

Meat can be fed in large or small chunks, but they can also be bought in a ground form (often referred to as MDM – mechanically deboned meat). Meat sold for human consumption, bought fresh from the supermarket or butcher, can be fed as is. Game (meat from wild animals) should always be frozen for 3 weeks prior to feeding, in order to kill tapeworm eggs and larvae.

 

Bone – 10%

Bone makes up 10% of the prey model raw diet. The name of this diet already suggests that its components should be fed raw, but I’d like to highlight the fact that bones should never be fed when they are cooked or otherwise treated with heat. When bones are cooked, they decrease in moisture and will splinter when pressure is applied. Neither is it recommended to feed weight bearing bones such as legs of larger herbivores, as these bones are very dense.

A raw diet mainly includes raw poultry bones, as well as some other varieties. It is important to feed according to your dog’s size, so that they have to chew the bone instead of swallowing it whole. Never feed bone that is too large or too small. Chewing soft and flexible bone is a great way for your dog to keep its teeth clean.

 

A bowl of duck necks

A bowl of duck wings

 

These bones are always covered in meat. The meat on these bones belongs into the 80% meat category. A duck neck for example consists of 50% bone, meaning that the other 50% is meat. Mojo eats 500 grams of food each day, so she needs 500 x 0.10 = 50 grams of bone. This means that she should eat 100 grams of duck neck to have 10% bone in her diet. The other 50 grams of duck neck consists of meat.

Here’s a list of types of bone that can be fed:

  • Wings (chicken, duck)
  • Necks (chicken, duck, turkey)
  • Ribs (pork, beef)
  • Tails (pork, ox)
  • Backs (chicken, rabbit)
  • Feet (chicken, duck, turkey, pork)
  • Carcasses (chicken, rabbit)

 

Secreting organ – 5% liver and 5% other

Secreting organs make up the other 10% of the prey model raw diet. There is a difference between the organs that are included in the meat section, compared to the organs discussed here: the secreting organs.

Secreting organs are packed with many essential nutrients. They are particularly high in vitamins A, B, D, E, and K, and they contain high amounts of numerous minerals. Since they are extremely high in numerous nutrients, they make up a small amount of the prey model raw diet. They should not make up a larger chunk of the diet as this will have adverse effects.

  • Pieces of beef kidney

Secreting organs are, for example, very high in phosphorus. In order to have healthy and strong bones, phosphorus and calcium should be fed in a 1:1 balance. If a dog is fed 20% secreting organ, it gets too much phosphorus and in the long run, this will affect the dog’s health.

An increase in organ meats actually shows up easily in the dog’s stools, as diarrhoea is very common

Secreting organs are split into two parts. Half of the organs fed should be liver, the other half should always be a different type. Liver is extremely high in vitamin A, so in order to prevent vitamin A toxicity, it is recommended to feed 5% liver and 5% other secreting organ.

Other excreting organs include:

  • Kidney
  • Pancreas
  • Thymus
  • Testicles
  • Ovaries
  • Spleen
  • Brain

 

Fish

Meat that comes from grain-fed animals is very low in Omega 3 fatty acids. If your dog’s diet is mainly made up of this type of meat, it is hence recommended to add oily fish to your dog’s diet.

When feeding oily fish, it is important to feed small species of fish. Larger species of fish usually live longer, and absorb higher amounts of mercury throughout their life. Mercury is a heavy metal, that in high exposure can cause irreversible damage to the central nervous system.

 

A bowl of herring

 

Here’s a list of oily fish that are high in Omega 3 fatty acids whilst being low in mercury:

  • Wild salmon
  • Mackerel
  • Anchovies
  • Trout
  • Sardines
  • Herring

 

Balancing over time

Although a raw diet is balanced when it includes 80% meat, 10% bone, 10% secreting organ, it is not necessary to feed this balance on a daily basis. It is totally fine to achieve balance over time.

When I prepare food for Mojo (and I will write about meal prep in a few weeks), I simply thaw out everything I need for 5 weeks worth of meals. Every meal is different, the organ intake varies daily in type and amount. Some days she gets more bone than others.

 

Disclaimer: Because pups are still growing, it is important that their daily intake is balanced.

 

Here is an example of a daily meal for Mojo:

 

Raw diet for a dog

Advertisements


5 thoughts on “Prey model raw diet for dogs”

  • Nice post for people who want to go into meat based feeding for their dogs! Lots of great advice, however I’d like to point out that cartilage, tendons, lungs and tripe don’t add anything to the diet (mainly a similar effect to fiber in carbs) and certainly shouldn’t be considered meat. I consider these only something to give my dog when they’re bored and need something to chew on and don’t want to give more bones (calcium). Fat is also, well, fat, but that’s nitpicking in case you want to go counting macros & micros for your dog, which is necessary to some extent as unfortunately meat based feeding doesn’t give a dog every nutrient in correct amounts. But I digress.

    Whether the bones are cooked or not doesn’t matter, it’s an old belief so I understand where you’re coming from, and of course if you’re unsure of something, it’s better not to give it to your dog.

    Anyway, a big kudos to you for feeding your dog meat in spite of not eating it yourself, I wish more dog owners were like this! Sometimes getting people to understand the simple fact that dogs are carnivores can be very difficult…

    Have a lovely day, and lots of cuddles to the dog! 🙂

    -Hanna

    • Hello Hanna.

      This blog post explains the outlines of the prey model raw diet. The diet consists three main categories and one of them is called ‘meat’. This does not mean it solely and exclusively contains meat, it just contains anything that isn’t considered bone or secreting organ. This includes muscle meat, but it also includes soft tissue and other organs. This diet in its entirety is based on what an animal would consume if they had free choice of small and large prey. They would eat small prey whole, and they would consume all soft tissue of larger animals. The items you named are still nutritious and are always consumed by dog and wolf alike.

      Fat indeed is not muscle tissue, but it does fall into the ‘meat’ category within the understandings of the prey model diet. But once again, this is just a name. I didn’t make up the names for these categories, they’re used by thousands of people worldwide and I’d like to stick to them eventhough they can cause some confusion. Fat is a very important part of a dog’s diet as it provides the best source of energy (whereas kibble would mainly consist of carbohydrates).

      Meat based feeding does give a dog the nutrients they need to thrive. There is no ‘precise amount’ every dog should take in on a daily basis, there is a minimum that should be exceeded and in raw diets you have the option to offer much more than most commercial dog foods do. Some nutrients have a maximum value and this is also incorporated in the outlines of this diet.

      Please don’t spread incorrect information. Cooked bones do definitely differ in structure from raw ones. Once heated, the moisture disappears from the bone and bones become more dense. I’m not ‘unsure’ about feeding bone, I feed soft and flexible bone because it is a necessary part in a raw meat based diet. Interested in seeing the difference between cooked and raw bone? Watch our video about it here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ilgx4e_zJhQ

      That’s the reason for us to focus on both sustainability as well as sharing information for dog owners.
      Dog got all the cuddles, she’s currently curled up behind me on my desk chair! Haha.

      Marijke

      • Hello, and thank you for your reply.

        Prey model isn’t something I’ve dedicated a lot of time to, but there’s no need to get so offended. I research meat based feeding as a whole, people can call their style of feeding their dogs whatever they wish. Raw feeding alone does not give a dog everything they need to “thrive”, there are some things people need to take into consideration. Dogs (or wolves, although they’re fairly separate animals nowadays) aren’t meant to live as long as they do with us, only long enough to breed and raise enough offspring to ensure the continuation of the species. For example Vitamin E (especially if your dog eats very fatty meat), Zinc and Iodine are some you will need to give your dog separately, unless of course you use meat that already has additives in it. I buy my meat straight from the butcher, as I want to know exactly what it contains, for my hobby which is dog nutrition and meat based feeding. Meat with added vitamins is of course perfectly fine. Vitamins A and D are a must if your dog refuses to eat fish or organs. With the amounts I meant what you said in your reply (must’ve worded it badly, or you intentionally took it the wrong way) but for that you still need to know what your dog’s needs are and where the maximum limit goes, and also how all these affect each other absorptionwise for example.

        I also apologize for bad wording about cartilage, tendons and lungs since naturally they do contain collagen, however it’s not very easily digested, but there I stand corrected. It’s all a by product of butchering and has very little nutritional use for dogs, as it contains next to no minerals. I know for a fact that wolves rarely eat the stomach/guts of their prey IF there is enough food available. Starving animals are a different story. The reason wolves tend to “eat the stomach” is that it’s the softest part of the animal to start from and get to the rest of the body. I agree wholeheartedly on what you said about fat.

        Thank you, I have watched several videos and researced raw vs cooked bone, I don’t tend to talk about subjects I don’t know anything about. Unfortunately I don’t have a source to give you, as most of these articles are in my native language. I don’t disagree with the structure being different, simply the fact whether cooked bones are dangerous or not. There is of course a possible problem if the dog is very greedy and simply inhales the bones without chewing them. My comment about being unsure was mainly meant for anyone getting into meat based feeding; if you don’t know whether your dog should have it, it’s best not to give it.

        I apologize if I’ve offended you, I simply wanted to comment on some things that active research has taught me, when I stumbled upon this post in the depths of Pinterest. It’s important that people research things themselves, from various sources, and don’t simply listen to adverts of raw feeding companies and think everything that’s said there is the ultimate truth. Again, comment not directed to you, but people who are interested in meat based feeding. Then there’s people who get really into it and study the basics of anatomy, bioactivity, metabolic rate and so forth, but all that isn’t necessary to raise a healthy dog, simply something for people who want to take their knowledge further.

        What a ramble, I hope it makes sense, even if you don’t agree with it.

        Haha sounds like a happy puppy! ❤️

        Regards,
        Hanna

        • Hi Hanna,

          It does make sense, and I love to hear when people want to help and take it all a step further. We did not mean to offend you, nor did we take your wording wrong intentionally. I’m sorry if somehow it came across that way.

          I’m an MSc in Animal Adaptation and Behavioural Biology. I focused on the dietary profile of wolves for quite a while two years ago, and I know for a fact that wolves do often eat the rumen wall. Are you familiar with the metastudy published in 2015 by Bosch et. al.? People often indeed say that wolves “eat the stomach and all its contents”, but they do not, nor is the rumen wall something they love to eat. Oftentimes the rumen is taken from larger prey (as are the intestines) and after consuming valuable parts the rumen is torn open and its contents are scratched out. The rumen wall is then consumed.
          Wolves don’t prefer the taste of the rumen wall, perhaps due to its contents and lower nutritional value compared to secreting organs, but it does have some nutritional value so every now and then I choose to add some green tripe to Mojo’s meals. This particular tripe was given to me for free, an entire cow´s stomach. That was obviously not going to be thrown in the bins! 🙂 But it’s also high in fat and since Mojo gets quite a lot of exercise it’s a good (and free!) source of energy for her.

          I’m not too sure whether or not I understand correctly, so please forgive me if you solely mean to feed raw bone. In your opinion, is it okay to feed cooked bone as long as a dog chews properly? Cooked bone isn’t safe to feed, not if the dog swallows it whole, nor when it’s chewed in to pieces. When chewed on, it splinters into shards, and whether or not it’s chewed on, it’s very difficult for the dog’s stomach to break down cooked bone.
          I do however completely agree with you on the fact that one has to know their dog before feeding anything. It’s very important to realize that some dogs might gobble up their food (which is normal for the species), and that their food must be adjusted accordingly.

          We’re eventually uploading more posts on our website, regarding meal prep, feeding bone, and many other subjects. This post was simply meant to focus on a small part and not to educate on other aspects of raw meat-based feeding. We have however focused on other matters on instagram before, and people seem very interested.

          I’m going to leave this comment here for now, but it might be nice to discuss things further over email if you’d like? It sounds like we could have some interesting talks and we could potentially both learn from each other, because it feels like we’ve both done our research! I’d love to get in touch either way.

          Marijke

      • Hello again!

        I must have worded some of my replies poorly, I apologise, that’s what you get in a hurry with a million things on your mind, haha!

        My main point about cooked bone (which isn’t a part of my dog’s staple diet, but as you said, if you get something edible for free it’s not going to go to waste) is exactly this splintering theory, in which people say these splinters pierce the dog’s innards when consumed and so forth. But when chewed cooked bones turn into absolute mush! Chewing sticks poses a greater danger to a dog in this respect. Even I can bend and break some smaller bones with my bare hands, and even if there is a sharp-looking edge, I’m able to bend it with my finger alone and upon further bending it divides and becomes mush. And I can’t even begin to compare this to a dog’s chewing strength! As I’ve said before, there are videos, articles and discussions with other meat based feeders to back this up, I’m not simply stating some personal experiences as fact. So as far as this cooked bone splinters and kills your dog thing goes, I group it together with “grapes and garlic are lethally poisonous to dogs” and other related myths, but naturally I’m willing to look further into the subject if there’s more recent studies to be considered.

        Yes it’d be very nice to talk with you more about all this! It’d be great to hear about your studies as well, sounds very intriguing 🙂

        In any case, I didn’t mean in any way to deter you from sharing raw feeding knowledge to dog owners, it’s very good to have people teaching others about this great way to feed your dog. Keep up the good work! 🙂

        -Hanna

Share your thoughts


%d bloggers like this: